Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points. A method for the production of safe foodstuffs was looked for under the US space programme. The FMEA method of the U.S. Army labs served as basis for this method. For the first time, the U.S. Army laboratories were looking at processes instead of individual points. From that, the Pillsbury Company developed the HACCP concept which was published in 1971.
Recommendation of a system of self-control with the following items that should be documented:
Cleaning and hygiene plan
Incoming goods inspection with the following points:
Compliance with the prescribed refrigeration temperature
Correct and intact packaging
Complete marking of the goods
Hygienic state of the supplier (e.g., state of the truck, body, etc.)
Temperature control during ongoing operations
The storage temperatures in all areas where perishable foodstuffs are chilled or frozen must be inspected every day.
WHAT DOES THE ABBREVIATION HACCP MEAN?
... to health
... of the risk
... to containment
... of conditions
... in the process
THE FIVE PRINCIPLES OF THE HACCP SYSTEM
1) Conduct a risk analysis of the facility and its operations as a whole 2) Identify the risks for foodstuffs at all stages of the process 3) Establish and document the critical points 4) Define all inspection and monitoring activities 5) Regularly control the measures taken and establish corrective actions
HACCP AS OVERLAPPING QUALITY ASSURANCE SYSTEM
Monitoring activities should be established at all critical points of the food chain, from the production of primary products to processing, transport, treatment, distribution and the retail selling point. This applies equally to imported and exported foodstuffs.
REASONS FOR THE GLOBAL APPLICATION OF HACCP
1) Food safety is a global concern 2) HACCP is a quality assurance system like ISO 9000 3) Global players in the food market require HACCP from their suppliers as a quality assuring action 4) Different levels of application are possible (small as well as large companies) 5) Fault prevention instead of fault detection and fault analysis
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